【中級】分詞構文①

【中級】分詞構文①

意味の取り方がいろいろとあって難しい

【分詞構文】を見ていきましょう。

TOEIC問題にも出題されます。

 

①時 (when, while) 

Seeing the pictures, I remember my childhood. 

(その写真を見ると、子供時代を思い出します。)

➔書き換え

When I see the pictures, I remember my childhood. 

~~~

Playing soccer, he hurt his leg. 

(サッカーをしていて、彼は足を怪我しました。)

➔書き換え

While he was playing soccer, he hurt his leg. 

 

②原因・理由(because, since, as)

Being tired, I went to bed early. 

(疲れていたので、私は、早く寝ました。)

➔書き換え

Because I was tired, I went to bed early. 

~~~

Not having time, I didn’t read the newspaper this morning. 

(時間がなかったので、私は、今朝新聞を読みませんでした。)

➔書き換え

Since I didn’t have time, I didn’t read the newspaper this morning. 

 

③譲歩(although/ though)

Living near my house, he seldom comes to see me.

(私の家の近くに住んでいるのに、彼はめったに私に会いに来ない。)

➔書き換え

Although he lives near my house, he seldom comes to see me. 

 

④条件(if) 

Turning to the left, you will see the café. 

(左に曲がると、カフェが見えますよ。)

➔書き換え

If you turn to the left, you will see the café. 

 

⑤付帯状況(and)

Smiling brightly, she extended her hand to me.

(明るく微笑みながら、彼女は私に手を伸ばしました。)

➔書き換え

She smiled brightly, and she extended her hand to me. 

~~~

Walking around the city, I took many pictures. 

(街を歩き回りながら、たくさんの写真を撮りました。)

➔I walked around the city, and I took many pictures.